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Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
call Heel Pain Center of Atlanta for help with TTS

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome (TTS) can affect anyone, although athletes and those with chronic foot and back pain may be at a higher risk.

What is Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome (TTS)?

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, also known as TTS, is a painful foot condition caused by a compressed tibial nerve. The tibial nerve is located in the tarsal tunnel, a pathway created by part of the ankle bone (medial malleolus) and a band of ligaments (flexor retinaculum) that runs along the inside of the leg and foot. The tibial nerve separates into three sections within the tunnel, running along the heel and towards the bottom of the foot respectively. TTS refers to nerve compression at any point within the Tarsal Tunnel.

What are the Symptoms?

Typical symptoms of TTS often include feelings akin to the foot “falling asleep” — tingling, “pins and needles”, and numbness that can extend to the big toe and/or the first couple of toes on the foot. Beyond this, the condition can lead to more debilitating issues such as moderate to extreme pain, “electric” shocks, and burning sensations across the whole foot and heel. Additionally, depending on the location of the nerve compression, discomfort can spread to the ankle.

What are the Treatment Options?

To diagnose Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, a qualified medical professional will do a thorough examination of the affected area. He or she may require X-rays or imaging scans, along with electrical testing. Treatment usually involves a variety of non-invasive methods. Resting the inflamed foot is obviously the first course of action, usually combined with a stabilizing wrap or boot, and anti-inflammatory medications. Also, physical therapy and corticosteroid shots may be recommended. If the compressed nerve does not respond to the above treatments, surgery is a possibility. The goal of the surgical procedure will either be to relieve pressure in the Tarsal Tunnel, or within the compressed nerve itself. Previous medical issues such as cysts within the Tarsal Tunnel or the tibial nerve, or a build-up of scar tissue may influence the direction of the surgery.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome can affect anyone, although athletes and those with chronic foot and back pain may be at a higher risk. If you or someone you know is suffering from any of the above symptoms, do not hesitate to seek medical care. If you live in or around the Atlanta area, contact the Heel Pain Center of Atlanta for an appointment today. The qualified and caring physicians at the Heel Pain Center of Atlanta will help you or a loved one diagnose your TTS, as well as discuss the best treatment options available.